A microphone’s main objective is to convert one type of energy to another type of energy termed as transducer, and this is done with as little difference as possible from the original source. Thus, it is important that you choose the right microphone for it makes a big difference to your recording output.
Since there are a lot of various microphones sold out there, you have to make your choice based on your needs especially they are built differently and thus will function differently. You will most probably come across two main types of microphones for recording your music or sound and you will be able to choose the best for your needs.
Actually, choosing a microphone should not be too hard especially if you know the differences between them and which one you will use for your recording needs. Know for example, that a studio microphone for vocals will not be used for recording instruments.
As a general rule, you can use dynamic microphones as the type great for live performances and instruments. You will notice that most live performers would use this type of microphone. On the other side, if the use is for vocals and other soft recordings of which details are extremely important, the condenser studio microphones are used. It would be beneficial to acquire both kinds of microphones and it will depend on your budget then.
In recording vocals where a flatter frequency is a must than the dynamic, the condenser will fit into the requirements. You will get a more accurate and clearer recording using a condenser studio microphone, while with dynamic, details are not that important since this type is meant for live performances and instrument recordings.
As a comparison, the dynamic microphones are described as rugged and less sensitive and will not need a phantom power, while the condenser studio microphone would require a preamp or a mixer that will give it a phantom power of around 48 volts.
The next necessary requirement when you choose the studio microphone that would be perfect for your recording needs is the pickup pattern. Know that there are essential a three various kinds of pickup patterns, and these are the omni directional microphones, the bidirectional microphones and the unidirectional microphones.
If you are planning for a home recording studio, it is advisable to stay away from using the omni directional microphone because it can pick up sounds evenly, like sounds from your television, from your dog barking, and others.
The bidirectional microphones on the other hand are able to pick up only two directions and these are the front and the back, thus they are usually used in radio interviews where people sharing one microphone is allowed.